Pedagogical beliefs and ICT Integration (ie. Ertmer and Brown)
Although foundations for technology have been successful, there are still barriers preventing complete success in integrating ICT in the education system Through looking at both Brown’s (2005) article and Ertmer’s (2005) article we can see that there are different opinions in the integration of ICT.
The incorporating of technology in schools has always led to debate surrounding the pros and cons with many of opinions being backed by little to no research (Brown, 2005). Oppenhemier (1997, Brown, 2005) concluded “There is no good evidence that most uses of computers significantly improve teaching and learning” teachers generally agree that ICT wouldn’t fit into their pedagogical beliefs. Brown (2005) however feels that the growth of ICT is problematic due to it being pushed to a political and economical spin as opposed to teaching. Teachers have to introduce ICT effectively.
Beliefs about teachers Pedagogy are preventing the integration of ICT into the classroom according to Ertmer (2005). In order to change this we must alter teacher’s images about technology. Ertmer (2005) believes that the effective way to change teachers’ minds and pedagogical beliefs is by catering to their most immediate needs which should then introduce them to more and more technology and as it advances students will gain more if they have open and effective teachers.
As teachers see the positive effects of ICT and how it can be effectively integrated into the schooling system the more attitudes will change, allowing students to have the optimal learning experience.
What is technology integration?
many teachers are using technology for low-level tasks such as word processing and internet searches, yet detracting from high-level uses. This may be because low-level technology is very teacher-centered while high-level uses are more associated with students or a constructivist approach. As stated by Ertmer, 2005, “98% of schools are now connected to the internet with 77% of these connected to the internet in the classroom. Teachers need to integrate into their classrooms are more constructivist approach so that students can to some degree control their learning and engage in high-level uses of technology in the classroom.
Discuss how technology integration can be improved in the classroom?
Teachers need to use their skills that research and statistics show they have to use high-level technology in the classroom, this will improve the integration of technology in the classroom. . Ertmer states in the article that the U.S Department of Education, 2003 state that “technology is now considered to be an integral part of providing a high-quality education.
How can schools improve ICT being taught in NSW?
According to Brown (2005) and ICT in the classroom, the way the tool is used for example a computer is more important than the tool itself. Schools can improve ICT usage in NSW by acknowledging that the tool itself is not that important but the learning opportunities and the range of activities you can engage in using this tool is far more important. Brown also states that “teachers can use ICT to enhance the holistic goals of early year’s education.”
Apply this reading to what you have seen or might see occurring in schools currently
Armstrong and Casement (1998) state in Brown’s (2005) article that “so much money has been allocated for computers and Internet access with so little serious evaluation” In schools currently there is the Year 9 laptop scheme. In my opinion this process of giving every year 9 student a laptop to enhance their learning is a waste of time. Unless the laptops are left at school and only used in class to do activities which involve them the students are merely using them to play games and detract from the real reason they are at school. In the playground at recess and lunch, these students are not engaging with their friends but playing more video games online. I believe that Armstrong and Casement (1998) statement was true, that more evaluation needs to go into a process like that.
- Brown, M., (2005). The Growth of Enterprise Pedagogy: How ICT Policy if infected by Neo-liberalism. Australian Educational Computing 20(2) 16-22.
- Ertmer, P., (2005). Teacher Pedagogical Beliefs: The Final Frontier in our quest for technology integration? Teacher Beliefs 53(4) 25-39.